Saturday, June 24, 2017

Remembering Pauline Manaka

Irvine -- The tragic and unexpected passing this past Sunday (18 June 2017) of my long-term colleague and good friend cut short the amazing life of a librarian who reached the pinnacle of her profession (by serving on the Council of the American Library Association) and more importantly, became a strong voice for social justice. 

Hailing from Pretoria, South Africa, Pauline Manaka (photographed) was a student Fulbrighter, in the late 1970s, arguably the first to enter library school at Atlanta University in Atlanta, Georgia, on such a prestigious grant given by the U.S. to a national of South Africa.  She came to Atlanta at a time where her homeland was trapped in the Apartheid era.  In joining the library profession, she followed in the pioneering steps of her uncle, Seth Manaka, who would be the first black librarian and later university librarian and library school professor in the country, honored at his retirement in 2015 with his own festschrift.

Moving to Orange County by 1989, Pauline lessened my burden as a social sciences bibliographer by taking on the responsibilities for selecting in sociology and anthropology. She later also took on Women Studies when another librarian left.  In the 28 years I've known her, she was the voice on conscience as the library and the university took on the formidable challenge of diversifying its staff as well as its collections.

She kept her commitment to the struggles of her homeland.  In 1994 (April 24) she appeared as a committed  African National Congress member on my KUCI Subversity Show to talk about her organizing work among the South African diaspora in southern California for a historic post-Apartheid national election.  She was also quoted in a Los Angeles Times article.

She kept her interest in and her ties with South Africa, teaching in Anthropology a UCI class for many years on South Africa.  She also served as library liaison to the area Model United Nations.

She was active also in the librarians and lecturers union, UC-AFT.  Union president Andrew Tonkovich in fact wrote a very warm profile of her in Coast Magazine in January 2015.

It is fortunate that her voice will not be silenced, literally, since she provided the "clear narration" (as I wrote in a review in the 9 May 2002 OC Weekly) for UCI PhD student and Student Workers Union organizer Marty Otanez's  (he's now a professor in anthropology at University of Colorado, Denver) pioneering documentary short (with Michelle Otanez) on Big Tobacco, "Thangata: Social Bondage and Big Tobacco in Malawi".

In her narration, Pauline indicted the World Bank for causing economic instability in Malawi, described the slave trade,  and called out U.S. tobacco firms for the exploitation of labor in the growing of tobacco and its marketing to women and children in Malwai and other developing countries. That short film is available free online, where you can hear Pauline's lyrical voice.

She was also interviewed with two of her colleagues in an oral history video for the UCI Libraries' 50th anniversary.

I trust her adult son, Lesetja, a budding filmmaker, will emerge from the pain of losing his mother so suddenly, and take his own path, while recognizing his mom's pioneering role in America. -- Daniel C. Tsang.

Sepia-toned photos of Pauline Manaka taken in 2015. © Copyright Daniel C. Tsang.

Friday, May 5, 2017

Asian Pacific Film Fest Expands to OC

Buena Park -  The Los Angeles Asian Pacific Film Festival tonight expands to Orange County, with a lineup of winning films as well as a special series on films from Vietnam, in association with the Viet Film Festival.

Opening the OC portion of the Asian Pacific Film Festival is OC-raised Ham Tran, who directs a comedic look at a workplace affair.  "She's the Boss" (2017) features two co-workers (Miu Le and Anh Do) whose secret relationship risks compromising their jobs.  The film screens tonight at the new Buena Park CGV, at 8 pm.

Other Vietnam films are on Saturday, May 6, 2017: "Father and Son" (Luong Dinh Hung, Dir., 2016) about a young boy and his father living in a mountainous area (4:30 pm); and "Jackpot" (Dustin Nguyen, Dir., 2015), about a middle-age con artist who meets a lottery-ticket hawker (7 p.m.).

On May 11, at 7 pm is "Fantatic" (Charlie Nguyen, Dir., 2016), about at rocker who sells records in Saigon and goes back to the golden age of rock music via time machine.

Other International Films 
On Sunday at 5:30 pm is "Lipstick Under My Burkha (Alankrita Shrivastava, Dir. 2016) a film from India that has faced censorship problems in its native India.

On is a film that has been apparently banned in China: "Plastic China, Jiuliang Wang, Dir., 2016). This festival winning Asian international feature shows a destitute family eking out a living processing plastic that comes from your recycling in western countries like the U.S.

For details on these and other films and on ticketing, see: OC Festival.

-- Daniel C. Tsang

Sunday, April 23, 2017

"Dateline-Saigon": When Presidents Routinely Lied

It is not just today that there is "fake news".  In fact, as the U.S. engaged in a brutal war in Southeast Asia, U.S. Presidents and generals routinely lied.  And the mainstream media eventually caught on.

Dateline Trailer 6-27-16 from William Anderson on Vimeo.

"Dateline - Saigon" is an excellent documentary (directed by lawyer Thomas D. Herman) that focuses on five western journalists based in Saigon in the early days of the Vietnam War or what the Vietnamese called the "American War".

Mostly early-career professionals the men (yes all (white) men portrayed), were brash, competitive and determined.  By daring to go into the field in South Vietnam, and speaking directly to the GIs, these reporters and photographers (before the advent of saturation news) were able to find what the U.S. and the South Vietnamese military were doing on the ground, killing civilians, burning down villages and covering up all that.

The film does not avoid taking sides.  The U.S. Government is slammed for spouting Cold War anti-communist rhetoric and the domino theory (that the fall of South Vietnam would lead to other dominoes falling).   South Vienamese soldiers are dismissed as weak and ineffective, while the enemy is explained as disciplined and determined.  The Saigon regime of  Ngô Đình Diệm is dismissed as Catholic from the north when the majority of the population in Vietnam is Buddhist.  And the notorious "Dragon Lady" Madame Ngô Đình Nhu appears in archival film footage speaking disdainfully of monks "barbecuing" themselves. 

One of the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalists portrayed,  Macolm Browne, indeed took the shocking 1963 photograph of a monk, Thích Quảng Đức, lit up in flames, a photo that was spashed on front-pages all over the world.  Focusing on Browne, the film also delves into the work of other Pulitzer-winning journalists:  Peter Arnett, David Halberstam, Neil Sheehan, and Horst Faas.

Another Pulitizer-Prize winning photographer from the Vietnam War period is listed in the credits, but is not featured, unfortunately, in the documentary.  AP photographer Nick Ut, who just retired weeks ago, after over five decades with AP, was actually hired by AP photographer Horst Faas in 1966 and took the iconic photo of the Vietnamese girl burning with napalm running naked down a road after her village was burned down in 1972.

Director Herman observe as Peter Arnett expounds on the media today and before. Photo credit: © Daniel C. Tsang 2017

Sam Waterson's strong voice narrates or the journalists themselves speak in retrospect in this excellent film that took some 16 years to bring to the screen.  Peter Arnett (AP reporter then, more known today as a CNN reporter), who is from OC, attended the first screening, at the 2017 Newport Beach Film Festival, and spoke at the Q&A, saying that the U.S. military now no longer allows the media to freely cover war zones today.   A second festival screening is coming up:  Wednesday 26 April 2017, at Island Cinemas in Newport Beach, at 5:45 pm.  -- Daniel C. Tsang.

Note: The documentary is not sympathetic to the Saigon regime's point of view of course.

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Activist Edward Leung on Localism in Hong Kong

 To listen to our June 6, 2016 Subversity Show Online interview with Edward Leung, click here.

Edward Leung Tin-kei (梁天琦) is a key Hong Kong localist activist who was barred from running in the recent Legislative Council elections that nonetheless resulted in fellow localists gaining seats, keeping alight the flame for self determination and even independence.  He would likely have won a seat too if he wasn't banned.

When I interviewed the Indigenous Party spokesman in June, 2016, a few days after his 25th birthday, while he expressed he would likely run in the 3 September 2016 Hong Kong Legislative Council elections, little did I expect him to go through the motions of retracting his commitment to the cause of Hong Kong independence in an ultimately abortive attempt to qualify for the election (he was still banned), nor did I expect him to be pushed to the ground in a "scuffle" with a Ta Kung Pao reporter last month.  However, he likely remains committed to the independence cause.

Edward Leung interviewed 6 June 2016 at HKU Starbucks.  Photos © Daniel C. Tsang 2016
The Subversity Show Online interview in June reveals this bright Hong Kong University philosophy student as articulate and forthright when asked about his views on Hong Kong independence.  In June, I was in Hong Kong attending a library sustainability conference, and had heard him speak the previous Saturday at an alternative June 4 forum at HKU, where he was one of five speakers (one from each generation of activism).  There, he eloquently explained in Cantonese why as a longtime Hong Kong resident (he came as a young kid from Wuhan) he identified as a Hong Konger and believed, as did the other panelists, that it was more important for Hong Kong people to discuss Hong Kong's future, rather than China's, which they saw as just meddling in local affairs. Leung, after all, had won an amazing 66,524 votes when he ran last March in a by-election (he didn't win), proving that his views have huge resonance among the population, especially those around his age (he's 25).

In the interview he describes how he became radicalized when he saw his friends beaten up (bloodied) by the police in earlier local protests.  He speaks out against the unfairness of immigration policies allowing Chinese nationals to be admitted to Hong Kong without Hong Kong government vetting (only China does it).   His group is known for demonstrating against mainlanders but he explained that the purpose was aimed at stopping parallel traders and smugglers.  While he himself came from Wuhan, China at age 1, his mom spoke to him in Cantonese from his arrival in Hong Kong, even though her Cantonese wasn't very good.  That is why he identifies as a Hong Kong person, he explained.

As for politics in general, he saw the decline of social leaders, such as Joshua Wong nowadays, when he "doesn't have the same influence". According to Leung, people criticize him (Joshua Wong) as changing his political ideology, seeing independence as "no use", but he later changed his stance, now advocating self determination. 

Ironically he expected people to criticize himself as well in future.  As for his earlier by-election vote totals, he was surprised as he thought he was more radical than the public but he got more and more support.  He explained what happened during the Mongkok protests (for which he has been arrested) and what led to it.  Police actually allowed them to remain with the hawkers but later the riot squad showed up and some people argued they were there to enjoy the food.  He was eating when a disturbance broke up, with the police declaring an "illegal assembly". 

He says he was charged with "rioting"  after the police shot two bullets into the air.  People were beaten up and people started to retreat.  We could "smell the gunpowder" and people became more angry.  He sees the potential sentence of five years as "quite harsh".

As for government surveilance he says he has heard "weird voices" on his phone. He believes that publicity or the media coverage is the only way to protect the activists.  Apps like Telegram are not safe enough; Firechat is not very useful.

On campus he has protested against the Hong Kong University Council head, with a class boycott on top of getting involved in the elections, thus missing more than half of the semester, but his department at HKU has helped him to rearrange his schedule so he could still complete his studies.  He still had one summer semester after out interview.

--  Daniel C. Tsang

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

“Breathin’ ”: Guangzhou Immigrant Eddie Zheng’s Inspiring Story

For a KUCI Subversity Online interview (recorded 22 April 2016) with Eddy Zheng, director Ben Wang and composer Scott “Chops” Jung, click here:

Eddy Zheng
One could say that Eddy Zheng (left) made something of himself despite being incarcerated at San Quentin prison for 19 years plus another two in immigration detention.   The Cantonese immigrant from Guangzhou, China, was only 16 when he waved a gun and participated in a home invasion.  
While he buffed up his body from careful exercise, he also took care of his mind. Reading about Asian American and other people of color struggles in the prison library – led him to enhance the collection as he managed to get the prison authorities to add many more books on such struggles.  He petitioned the authorities to implement Asian American studies in prison – instead he got put in solitary confinement – the hole – as punishment for daring to ask that.

Ben Wang, director
In the meantime, he earned an associate degree by enrolling in a prison program. And through it all, the activist community reached out to him, offering him support even as he got turned down repeatedly by the parole board, until the last time, which was successful.  But then he was placed in immigration detention because he was not able to apply for citizenship while incarcerated.

In the end, it was through a gubernatorial pardon (from California Governor Jerry Brown) that led to his deportation case being ended.  Eventually he was officially released in 2007.   Now free, he managed to get San Quentin to implement Asian American studies.
This man, now 47, remains committed to community service, and through an intermediary, successfully reached out to the mother he victimized when he was 16, with his written apology (in Chinese) accepted.

Scott "Chops" Jung, composer

Director Ben Wang (above, right) has put together a tightly edited documentary, "Breathin': The Eddy Zheng Story," on the power of reconciliation and redemption and about how writers like Helen Zia (author of Asian American Dreams and other works) inspired this inmate to commit his life to community work, while even within the dark recesses of solitary confinement. 

The film screened twice at the 2016 Los Angeles Asian Pacific Film Festival.  -- Daniel C. Tsang.

 Photography © Daniel C. Tsang 2016.
Here's also a Cantonese audio interview found online:

Thursday, April 28, 2016

A Comedic Take at Immigration Travails from the Philippines - A Film Review

"Toto" tells the story of a Manila hotel worker who seeks every way to get a visa to America.  Sid Lucero plays Antonio Estares, the Toto in the film, who in his jovial and friendly self tries to flirt his way with hotel guests – all with U.S. passports – to try to get one to sponsor him on his American Dream.   

This comedic look at the hopes of many outside U.S. to get to the land of many dreams exposes the harsh reality that without money, such a dream often becomes a nightmare.  The very hetero Toto even gets cruised by an American tourist staying in the hotel - will he succumb and sleep with the American just to get a chance at a visa?  

 The film tackles his dilemma (and that of the American) in an unexpected way.  Instead of depicting the American David Yeltsin (played by Blake Boyd) as a sexual predator after Asian young men, the director of Toto, John Paul Su, manages to resolve the dilemma in this feature drama (115 minutes) to the ultimate satisfaction of both parties, with Toto retaining his dignity and David also gaining what he needed.  I'm not revealing what happens in the end; I'm afraid you will have to catch the film somewhere.

But Toto (the film) did manage to get to America, screening last Sunday at the 2016 Newport Beach Film Festival at tony Newport Beach in sunny Southern California.  The festival ends today.

-- Daniel C. Tsang

Wednesday, April 20, 2016

"Finding Phong" (Tim Phong): A Review & Interview with Phong

For a Subversity Show Online bilingual (Vietnamese/English) interview with Phong, click here.  Thanks to Thuy-Van Nguyen for interpreting! 
Garnering the Community Spotlight Award at the 2016 Vietnamese Film Festival held in Orange, California, “Finding Phong” (Tim Phong) is an exquisitely beautiful and revealing 2015 film about a young Vietnamese man’s journey to become a young woman. 

Scene from "Finding Phong":  Mother (in background) with Phong
 Although the film lists two veteran indie filmmakers Tran Phuong Thao and Swann Dubus as co-directors, credit nonetheless also belongs to the subject of this documentary, Le Anh Phong.  Phong manages capture with small video cameras her own journey (while trapped in the body of a male), as she filmed herself talking to her mother who is far away back in their rural home in Quang Ngai province in Central Vietnam.  

Selfie scene from "Finding Phong"

Phong with Subversity Show host
Self-identifying as a girl in her childhood, the star of the film also manages to capture what must be an ethnographer’s dream footage, as sister, brother and friends talk explicitly about heterosexual sex including ejaculation and oral and penetrative sex.  In addition to her mother, in her 70s, who wonders why she is fated to have such a son (she had been happy the boy was born), the bearded father (in his eighties) is shown saying that it doesn’t matter boy or girl as long as there is support for the Revolution!
The film has been expertly and carefully edited out of 250 hours of footage and ends right after Phong manages to complete the physical transition at a Thai clinic.  It was totally unscripted, and could not have been, given the gems of humanity that remain in the film after its length was trimmed. 
Kudos to the producers Gerry Herman and Nicole Pham who have partnered with Phong to see this amazing film reach the festival audience worldwide.  It won France’s Nanook GrandPrix at the 34th Festival International Jean Rouch last fall, and furthermore a DVD of the film has been added to every French school library in an attempt at helping overcome discrimination against the transgendered.  

Phong at VFF
Most significantly, Phong tells me in our brief Subversity Show Online interview, Phong’s mother testified before state legislators, and Phong’s story of her gender transition no doubt was instrumental in the passage of Asia’s first law permitting transgendered to register in their chosen gender, when Vietnam’s legislature passed such legislation last November.  The law comes into effect in 2017 after 282 legislators voted in favor of it, out of 366.  Unlike Phong, who had to travel to Thailand for her operation, future Vietnamese transsexuals will be more likely to find receptive clinics within Vietnam.  Phong, who had moved to Hanoi to go to university and discovered she was not alone as a transgendered, now works for the state Puppet Theater there, painting the figurines that are used in Vietnamese cultural productions.  – Daniel C. Tsang.